Peter I is the great Russian king. He was born in Moscow in 1672.
In that time Russia was a backward country. It had serfdom. Literature, sciences didn’t develop.
In 1697 Peter travelled to Western Europe. 250 people went with him. Peter worked as a builder in Holland and England, studied gunnery in Prussia. He visited factories, schools, museums and studied culture, science, industry.
Peter returned to Russia in 1698 and began reorganizations. European specialists helped him to develop equipment and new technologies. He sent many Russian young people to study in Europe. During his rule he accelerated development of industry, trade, culture. Peter built the first Russian fleet and reinforced the army.
Russian army won the war with Swedes. Estonia, Latvia, Finland became a part of Russia. It was an event of great importance for Russia to make its way to the Baltic Sea («Window in Europe»). Peter I founded St. Petersburg city. This city became the capital of Russia. Of course, changes and wars caused tax increase and revolts. Peter suppressed them terribly.
But still Peter I is an unusual king, because he outstripped his time. He understood an importance of growth and development of Russia.
Peter was married twice. He had the son Aleksey. Peter I died in 1725. He was 52…