But do we really understand
the imminent effects of water pollution? I’ll list just some of them.
1. Animal life suffers from polluted
substances in the water - they drink this water, some of them live in this water.
Nowadays a lot of animals, birds, fish have become extinct and endangered
because of contaminanted water. Dirty water affects vegetal
life as well. A great number of plant species became extinct because of
2. Ecosystems have been
changed or destroyed due to careless human activities. A lot of areas are unfit
for habitation and growth since ecological disasters have
happened there (e.g. Gulf of Mexico).
3. At school we were taught
that all the components of flora and fauna are closely connected. Tiny animals drink
water containing pollutants, later these animals are eaten by fish and
this chain continues to be disrupted at all levels.
4. Of course humans can’t
elude all the effects of water pollution. Contaminated water is a great health
risk. A number of different diseases might be caused by drinking
that poisonous water. The thing is that nowadays nobody can avoid the
negative effects of water pollution. We drink water, we use water in our
everyday life so we do need to take care of water we use.
The water is polluted in
many different ways. In general there can be direct and indirect pollutant
-Direct source refers to
contaminants that are emitted directly into some water reservoirs. Example is
when factories, waste treatment plants etc. drain different contaminated fluids
into urban water supplies.
- Indirect source refers to
pollutants that enter waterway from soils or groundwater and from
atmosphere via rainwater. The water with pesticides from the fields
that drains into rivers is an example.
You can object that you
assist in polluting the water. But do you use water? Do you use different
chemicals in your everyday life (e.g. washing powder, cleaning substances)? If
your answer is "yes” so it’s time to put on a thinking cap on how you can help
to reduce water pollution.
There are some easy ways to
prevent pollution which everyone can follow:
- don’t drop rubbish into
street drains - it will poison the water and end up on riversides,
shores. Do some volunteer job and help to clean up litter in public
places (e.g. beaches, parks) and you will help nature a lot.
- If you turn the tap off
while you are cleaning teeth you will not only save fresh water but also reduce
waste water treatment. Run your washing machine with full loads for the same
- Non-degradable products
shouldn’t be flushed down the toilet. It breaks down the process of waste water
treatment and this litter occurs on riversides and shores.
- Try to use
environmentally friendly household products as far as possible.
- In your garden try to use
natural fertilizers or minimize usage of chemicals. You should remember that
all these toxic substances from your fertilizers will go to waterway from
- Do you have a car? If yes
don’t forget to maintain your vehicle in roadworthy condition in order to
prevent oil and fuel leak. It pollutes waterways when it flows into city
drains. Try not to wash your car in the roads, use a car wash.In conclusion I want you to answer a question: What
heritage are you going to leave behind for you own children? If you take care
of the water you use you’ll keep more pure water for future generations.