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Motivation at work

  The subject I examine in this article is the motivation. It’s a complex and wide concept. They give more than 50 possible definitions of ‘motivation’. But all of them are unified by the idea that the motive is immediately connected with an activity, and it is its necessary precondition. Also a motive is often mixed up with needs and goals, although it is certainly very tightly connected with them.

  However, the needs are an instinctive demand to eliminate discomfort and the goal is the result of a conscious goal-directed behavior. So the motive is a conscious incentive to take action when you fully realize your needs. For example, thirsty is the needs, to drink some water is the motive, and the glass of water is your goal. So obviously in this scheme the impulse to drink some water is the incentive but not water itself.

  It is necessary to be aware of two broad types of motives: intrinsic and extrinsic. And presumably the extrinsic motives rather often have an influential impact on our lives. They are a high social status, self-assertion, prestige, material welfare and comforts, self-esteem and praise, and so forth…  So these factors are out of activity processes, the individual is interested in the real outcomes of the activity and the activity attraction is not an appealing factor itself.

  But there is a critical point veiled and you have to be really sensitive to hold their interest in time as the extrinsic motives are rather often not enough for continuous spur to keep going on track. So the extrinsic motives must needs be reinforced and supported with a personal interest to the activity process and the activity itself – here we speak about the intrinsic motivation.

  When the individual enjoys performing the activity, he is interested in the subject. The distinctive feature of the intrinsic motivation is that performing an activity can be a great source of joy and happiness. Since then an activity itself becomes a great pleasure and spur.

  The man’s mind is always active and dynamic, and its main feature is the needs to expand horizons and gain new experience. That is the basic intrinsic factor for self-development.

  So people coming to study at mature years usually have a high level of their motivation why they do it, because it is not a compulsory education any longer. And at this stage the target purpose is to hold and develop their interest toward the subject. The teacher (tutor) works with their emotional interest fertilizing natural mind activity.

  It is highly important for a psychologically competent motivation when the teacher makes for an individual testing system where he directs his attention toward praising the students on their individual results. As the result it is a growing interest to the subject, more confidence and self-assurance, an optimal motivation to the study process.

  

The key condition for supporting and fostering a motivation in the study process is the interest which is emotional experiencing the cognitive needs.

  Only that activity is interesting which demands constant intellectual diligence since simply easy material is just boring while a set of obstacles and tasks are to be overcome and sorted out at ease. It is a subtle point which demands a fine-tuned expertise to master.

  In teaching practice there are lots of methods how to cultivate and activate a student's interest to study. The principle term is if there is a possibility for students to show their intellectual worth, initiative in study search. The teaching material and techniques are to be varied enough which allow opening ever-new aspects of the same.

  And here it is important to say that if you want to get all that to work so then a teacher’s involvement and emotional-directive effect is just crucial, the teacher himself must get satisfied working and communicating to study. He must be in love and entirely involved into that studying-working activity and subject itself. And it is his immediate responsibility to convey a deep passion toward the subject.

  Only working in such a mutual cohesion we can attain a student's growing interest, support and develop their intrinsic motivation where good results are a supplementary incentive and reward to continue studying.

Category: ISSUE #1 | Added by: Guzeliya (21-Nov-2010) | Author: Marina Blizhina
Views: 548 | Tags: Study, motive, Motivation, Interest, Work, Needs, Activity | Rating: 5.0/1
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