The subject I
examine in this article is the motivation. It’s a complex and wide concept.
They give more than 50 possible definitions of ‘motivation’. But all of them
are unified by the idea that the motive is immediately connected with an
activity, and it is its necessary precondition. Also a motive is often mixed up
with needs and goals, although it is certainly very tightly connected with
However, the needs
are an instinctive demand to eliminate discomfort and the goal is the result of
a conscious goal-directed behavior. So the motive is a conscious incentive to
take action when you fully realize your needs. For example, thirsty is the
needs, to drink some water is the motive, and the glass of water is your goal.
So obviously in this scheme the impulse to drink some water is the incentive
but not water itself.
It is necessary to
be aware of two broad types of motives: intrinsic and extrinsic. And presumably
the extrinsic motives rather often have an influential impact on our lives.
They are a high social status, self-assertion, prestige, material welfare and
comforts, self-esteem and praise, and so forth… So these factors are out
of activity processes, the individual is interested in the real outcomes of the
activity and the activity attraction is not an appealing factor itself.
But there is a
critical point veiled and you have to be really sensitive to hold their
interest in time as the extrinsic motives are rather often not enough for
continuous spur to keep going on track. So the extrinsic motives must needs be
reinforced and supported with a personal interest to the activity process and
the activity itself – here we speak about the intrinsic motivation.
When the individual
enjoys performing the activity, he is interested in the subject. The
distinctive feature of the intrinsic motivation is that performing an activity
can be a great source of joy and happiness. Since then an activity itself
becomes a great pleasure and spur.
The man’s mind is
always active and dynamic, and its main feature is the needs to expand horizons
and gain new experience. That is the basic intrinsic factor for
So people coming to
study at mature years usually have a high level of their motivation why they do
it, because it is not a compulsory education any longer. And at this stage the
target purpose is to hold and develop their interest toward the subject. The
teacher (tutor) works with their emotional interest fertilizing natural mind
It is highly
important for a psychologically competent motivation when the teacher makes for
an individual testing system where he directs his attention toward praising the
students on their individual results. As the result it is a growing interest to
the subject, more confidence and self-assurance, an optimal motivation to the
The key condition
for supporting and fostering a motivation in the study process is the interest
which is emotional experiencing the cognitive needs.
Only that activity
is interesting which demands constant intellectual diligence since simply easy
material is just boring while a set of obstacles and tasks are to be overcome
and sorted out at ease. It is a subtle point which demands a fine-tuned
expertise to master.
practice there are lots of methods how to cultivate and activate a student's
interest to study. The principle term is if there is a possibility for students
to show their intellectual worth, initiative in study search. The teaching
material and techniques are to be varied enough which allow opening ever-new
aspects of the same.
And here it is
important to say that if you want to get all that to work so then a teacher’s
involvement and emotional-directive effect is just crucial, the teacher himself
must get satisfied working and communicating to study. He must be in love and
entirely involved into that studying-working activity and subject itself. And
it is his immediate responsibility to convey a deep passion toward the subject.
Only working in
such a mutual cohesion we can attain a student's growing interest, support and
develop their intrinsic motivation where good results are a supplementary
incentive and reward to continue studying.